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Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

What are the Symptoms of ADHD in Children?

1. Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is categorized into three subtypes, with most children falliing into the predominantly hyperactive-impulsive category.

A. True

B. False


2. While there is no cure for ADHD, treatments can relieve many of the disorder's symptoms, and with proper interventions most people with ADHD can be successful in school and lead productive lives.

A. True

B. False


3. All of the following are accurate statements about ADHD symptoms EXCEPT:

A. It is normal for all children to be inattentive or hyperactive at times, but for children with ADHD, these behaviors are more severe and occur more often

B. Parents and teachers can miss the fact that children with symptoms of inattention have ADHD because they are often quiet and may not be acting out

C. To be diagnosed with the disorder, a child must have symptoms for 6 or more months and to a degree that is greater than other children of the same age

D. The principle characteristics of ADHD are hyperactivity, irresponsibility, and passivity


4. Children with predominantly inattentive symptoms of ADHD may have difficulty processing information as quickly and accurately as others and struggle to follow instructions.

A. True

B. False


What causes ADHD?

5. Which of the following is an accurate statement about how genetic and environmental factors may contribute to ADHD?

A. Children who carry an ADHD gene may have thinner brain tissue in the areas of the brain associated with hyperactivity and impulsivity

B. Studies suggest a potential link between cigarette smoking and alcohol use during pregnancy and ADHD in children

C. The idea that refined sugar causes ADHD or makes symptoms worse is popular, and more research supports this theory than discounts it

D. All of the above


How is ADHD Diagnosed?

6. Certain situations, events, or health conditions may cause temporary behaviors in a child that mimic ADHD symptoms, and these include:

A. A middle ear infection that is causing hearing problems

B. Medical problems that affect thinking and behavior

C. Anxiety or depression, or other psychiatric problems

D. All of the above


How is ADHD Treated?

7. While most medications for ADHD have been approved for children who are at least six years old, ____________ has been approved for children who are at least three years old.

A. Dexedrine

B. Folcalin

C. Concerta

D. Ritalin


8. Some children report mild stomachaches or headaches when taking stimulant medication to treat ADHD, but the most commonly reported side effects are decreased appetite, sleep problems, anxiety, and ___________.

A. Dry mouth

B. Facial tics

C. Irritability

D. None of the above


Psychotherapy

9. Which of the following is NOT a correct statement about behavioral interventions that are used to treat ADHD?

A. Behavioral interventions focus on addressing the underlying causes of ADHD, which helps the client understand the behavior and work toward change

B. Behavioral therapy teaches children how to monitor their own behavior and enables them to praise themselves for controlling anger or thinking before acting

C. Behavior therapiists may teach children social skills, such as how to wait their turn, share toys, ask for help, or respond to teasing

D. This type of therapy often involves practical assistance, such as help in organizing tasks or completing schoolwork, or working through emotionally difficult events


10. Techniques shared with parents to help them manage the behavior of their ADHD children include giving immediate and positive feedback for behaviors they want to encourage, and ignoring or redirecting behaviors they want to discourage.

A. True

B. False


What Conditions Can Coexist with ADHD?

11. Some children with ADHD also have other coexisting conditions, and a child who is stealing, fighting, bullying others, destroying property, or carrying or using weapons may be diagnosed with:

A. Oppositional defiant disorder

B. Borderline personality disorder

C. Conduct disorder

D. None of the above


How Can I Work with my Child's School?

12. It is usually a good idea to inform teachers that a child has ADHD when he or she starts school or moves to a new class so that support can be put in place to help the child deal with the transition.

A. True

B. False


Do Teens with ADHD Have Special Needs?

13. Each of the following accurately describes issues facing adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder EXCEPT:

A. Teens with hyperactivity may choose tasks or activities that have a quick payoff, rather than those that take more effort, but provide bigger, delayed rewards

B. In order to help them stay healthy and provide needed structure, teens with ADHD should be given rules that are clear and easy to understand

C. Once a child reaches adolescence, parents have less control over health decisions, and those with ADHD may have difficulty sticking with treatment

D. During their first few years of driving, teens with ADHD are involved in nearly twice as many car accidents as those who do not have ADHD, so repeated practice under adult supervision is especially important


Can Adults Have ADHD?

14. Even though they did not have any ADHD symptoms as children, many adults are now being diagnosed with the condition, and since adult symptoms tend to be more clear cut than those seen in children, diagnoses have become easier and more common.

A. True

B. False


15. Which of the following accurately describes how medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of treatments are used to treat adults with ADHD?

A. Some antidepressants are FDA-approved specifically for the treatment of ADHD in adults

B. Humanistic or existential approaches are most commonly used to change one’s poor self-image by examining the experiences that produced it

C. ADHD medications for adults require special considerations since they may interact with other medications such as those used for diabetes, high blood pressure, anxiety and depression

D. All of the above


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