1. The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), the nation's first line of defense against hunger, offers a powerful tool to improve nutrition among low-income people and touched the lives of millions of people who need help to put food on the table.
2. Each of the following is a correct statement about how the SNAP program works EXCEPT:
A. The program is available to nearly anyone with little income and few resources who qualifies, and as a result, serves a wide range of low-income persons, about half of whom are children
B. SNAP benefits are based on the Thrifty Food Plan, a minimal cost food plan that reflects current nutrition standards and guidance, the nutrient content and cost of food, and consumption patterns of low-income households
C. Generally SNAP households must have monthly gross income less than 100 percent of the Federal poverty guidelines, and assets less than $5000
D. Benefits are 100 percent federally funded, whereas administrative costs are shared between States and the Federal government, and states are responsible for the certification of households and issuance of benefits
3. Households are considered food insecure when their lack of financial resources does not allow them to fully meet their basic food needs at all times, and in recent years, a record high number of American households experienced food insecurity.
4. Over the past 20 years, earnings have replaced cash welfare as the most common income source among SNAP households, and the percentage of households with cash welfare fell from 39 to 19 percent between fiscal years 1990 and 2010.
5. While children have the highest SNAP participation rate among all demographic subgroups, participation rates are lowest among:
A. Non-disabled childless adults
B. Disabled adults
C. Non-citizen adults
D. The elderly
6. Most nonparticipation in SNAP stems from a lack of basic awareness of the program, including not knowing that it exists or not knowing how to apply for benefits.
7. The level of food insecurity has remained steady during the last three years, despite a significant increase in the rate of poverty in the United States, which is greatly due to Federal nutrition assistance programs.
8. Many experts advocate for increasing the amount that SNAP participants can spend on food, as an increase in spending has been shown to greatly improve diet quality.
9. Which of the following is an accurate statement about food choice for SNAP participants compared to those of higher income non-participants?
A. Most SNAP participants have inadequate usual intakes for most vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients
B. SNAP participants were slightly more likely to consume foods recommended for occasional consumption and somewhat less likely to consume foods recommended for frequent consumption
C. Across broadly defined food categories, there is a significant difference in the food choices made by low- income and higher-income families
D. Families at the high end of the income distribution spend more than three times as much on food at home as those at the low end
10. Although studies have found that SNAP participation does not increase either Body Mass Index (BMI) or the likelihood of being overweight or obese for the majority of SNAP participants, ______________ are the only group of participants for whom multiple studies show a correlation between SNAP participation and elevated BMI and obesity.
A. Nonelderly adult women
C. Nonelderly adult men
D. Adults over 60 years old
11. Which of the following is NOT one of the key nutrition objectives for SPAP educational projects?
A. Make half your plate fruits and vegetables, eat whole grains, and switch to fat-free or low-fat milk products
B. Increase physical activity and reduce time spent in sedentary behaviors as part of a healthy lifestyle
C. Maintain appropriate calorie balance during each stage of life including childhood, adolescence, adulthood, pregnancy, breastfeeding, and older age
D. Make food choices that ensure adequate intakes of vitamins, minerals, and macronutrients
12. As the program and its participants change over time, State SNAP agencies have "modernized" by making responsive adjustments to provide better access to people in need including improving customer service and enhancing administrative efficiency.
13. The sale of SNAP benefits for cash, known as trafficking, accounts for about three cents of every benefit dollar, or about $270 million annually.
14. SNAP policy options provide States with flexibility to simplify the eligibility process and their program operations, improve coordination with other programs such as TANF or Medicaid, and:
A. Eliminate statutory deadlines for applications
B. Partner with businesses or organizations to help distribute benefits
C. Encourage participation among target groups such as working families
D. None of the above
15. All States have efficiently delivered SNAP benefits using EBT cards with personal identification numbers since June 2004, and since 2009, EBT became the sole method of SNAP issuance and the only way for participants to buy eligible food using SNAP benefits.
16. The type of store where SNAP participants buy food is important because store type often determines the cost and selection of foods available, and most SNAP benefits are redeemed at supermarkets and super stores.
17. About 60 percent of SNAP benefits are spent within two weeks of issuance and about 65 percent of SNAP participants use some of their own money to augment their food purchases.
18. The Disaster Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (D-SNAP) operates under special eligibility and issuance rules which include:
A. Benefits are provided to existing SNAP households who qualify for replacement or supplemental benefits and to non-SNAP households temporarily eligible under D-SNAP rules because of their disaster-related expenses
B. The monthly income eligibility limit is the poverty level plus the standard deduction and excess shelter cap
C. Households that experienced ongoing loss of income because of the disaster may be eligible to apply for and receive SNAP benefits under regular program rules after the disaster benefit period has ended
D. All of the above
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