1. Current evidence suggests that certain factors in a school environment can positively influence the health of students and improve academic achievement, including access to healthy foods and opportunities to stay physically active.
2. Evidence on dietary behaviors, physical activity, and academic achievement indicate each of the following EXCEPT:
A. Skipping breakfast is associated with decreased cognitive performance and lack of adequate consumption of specific foods such as fruits, vegetables, or dairy products, is associated with lower grades among students
B. Deficits of specific nutrients and hunger due to insufficient food intake associated with lower grades and higher rates of absenteeism
C. Students who are physically active tend to have better grades, schools attendance, and cognitive performance, and classroom behaviors
D. Classroom physical activity breaks of at least 20 minutes are associated with improved cognitive performance, classroom behavior, and educational outcomes among students
3. Core messages that articulate the importance of healthy eating and physical activity include the notions that healthy students are better learners, schools can influence eating and physical activity behaviors, healthy successful students help build strong communities, and all students deserve the opportunity to be healthy and successful.
4. An important message for public health and education agencies should be that healthy students are more likely to have higher levels of education, and focusing on healthy eating and physical activity in schools can help reduce:
A. Problem behaviors
B. Concentration difficulties
C. Barriers to learning
D. Illness days
5. School districts can address students' health by establishing, implementing, and evaluating local school wellness policies that support healthy school nutrition environments and a comprehensive approach to physical activity in schools.
6. Experts recommend establishing a school health advisory council that consists of nutrition and health professionals so that they may develop and implement a school-wide plan for addressing healthy eating and physical activity in schools and report back to school officials, students, and parents.
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