1. Safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments between children and their caregivers provide a buffer against the effects of potential stressors such as child maltreatment, are fundamental to healthy brain development, and help shape the development of children's physical, emotional, social, behavioral, and intellectual capacities.
2. Preventing child maltreatment (CM) and promoting safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments calls for both community and social commitment, and requires changing attitudes, behaviors and:
A. Goals and values
B. Standards and protocols
C. Norms and policies
D. Objectives and ideals
3. When raising awareness about the importance of keeping children safe is mentioned, most people already know and accept that child maltreatment is a problem, so what is critical in this step is communicating something that will bring new supporters into the fold.
4. In order to assess the size and nature of the problem of child maltreatment in the community, how to best direct prevention resources, and to monitor the ultimate impact of any interventions, data must be collected and analyzed by completing each of the following steps EXCEPT:
A. Build a partnership to gather and synthesize relevant data
B. Secure the help of an outside agency to evaluate data, as not to create any conflicts
C. Take stock of existing data and identify and fill critical data gaps
D. Use the data to support other action steps
5. Educational data that may help community partners understand the specifics of child health and well-being may include rates of attendance and truancy, number of low income children enrolled in preschool programs, and number of tobacco and substance abuse prevention programs being offered in schools.
6. Which of the following is NOT a correct statement regarding parenting programs that promote acceptable parenting behaviors?
A. Community members can emphasize that learning effective parenting skills is a process that every caregiver can use help at times, and it does not imply "bad" parenting
B. Parents and caregivers may need extra support in using new skills at home if what they learned is different from those practiced by other family or community members
C. Local parents can serve as mentors that promote positive parenting and help change community norms about parenting behaviors in the community
D. Professionals such as child development experts, teachers, and pediatricians can be particularly powerful role models and voices in these efforts, because parents will see them as credible and experienced
7. Parent-Child Interaction Therapy (PCIT) provides a variety of interventions including brief consultation on common developmental issues as well as intensive approaches to address problems with parenting and child behavior.
8. Effective parenting programs typically teach parents the correct use of time out, help caregivers respond consistently to the child's behavior, and teach caregivers how to effectively communicate and:
A. Spend quality time with children
B. Set appropriate boundaries
C. Play with their children
D. None of the above
9. Parenting information can be disseminated in many ways, not just through formal programs, and research has consistently shown that providing information alone is enough to make a difference in improving parent-child relationships.
10. One area where there has been dramatic positive change for children has been in the reduction of ________________, which has declined by almost 50 percent over the past two decades.
A. Child sexual abuse
B. Deaths from child maltreatment
D. Physical abuse
11. Low income has long been associated with maltreatment, particularly child neglect, so state policies that increase economic self-sufficiency for lower income families might alleviate some of the stress that contributes to these issues.
12. Which of the following is an accurate statement about physical punishment as a form of discipline?
A. Physical punishment does not appear to improve children's long term behavior
B. Use of physical punishment is associated with higher levels of aggression in children
C. Legal bans on corporal punishment are associated with decreases in support of and use of physical punishment as a child discipline technique
D. All of the above
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