TeachME Professional Development

ADHD Update

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents-Background

1. Each of the following is an accurate statement about Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder EXCEPT:

A. There are three subtypes of ADHD including predominantly inattentive, predominantly hyperactive-impulsive, and combined inattentive and hyperactive

B. Boys are classified with ADHD about twice as frequently as girls and young children about twice as frequently as adolescents

C. ADHD affects children of all ages, and approximately 10 percent of children worldwide show impaired levels of attention and hyperactivity

D. ADHD is most commonly identified and treated in elementary school (ages 7 to 9) but can begin before children enter school

Clinical Bottom Line

2. Parental behavior training is an efficacious treatment option for preschoolers with disruptive behavior disorders or ADHD symptoms, with benefits for children with disruptive behavior disorders being maintained at least 6 months and up to 2 years in some studies.

A. True

B. False

Long-Term Effectiveness of Interventions for ADHD in Individuals 6 Years of Age or Older

3. For children age 6 and older, extended-release guanfacine appears to be safe and effective for treating ADHD symptoms over a period of 12 months, and atomoxetine may reduce ADHD symptoms, but evidence is insufficient to permit an evidence-based conclusion about its long-term effectiveness.

A. True

B. False

Variability in Prevalence, Clinical Identification, and Treatment of ADHD in Children

4. Which of the following is NOT a true statement about socioeconomic status and ADHD?

A. Some studies found that children of lower SES have a higher prevalence of ADHD

B. Children of lower SES are identified as having ADHD more often than children of higher SES and more likely to be receiving treatment

C. Lower SES and minority ethnicity are associated with shorter duration of medication use

D. Insurance status may influence access to specialist providers in the United States

Treatment Options for ADHD in Children and Teens- How Do Doctors Know if a Child or Teen Has ADHD?

5. Sometimes a child may have ADHD at the same time as other problems, such as anxiety, a learning disability, oppositional defiant disorder, or problems with alcohol and drugs, so a doctor may check for other medical problems that might explain a child's symptoms.

A. True

B. False

6. Characteristics of stimulants used to treat ADHD include:

A. Atomoxetine is a stimulant that works by increasing a chemical called norepinephrine in the brain

B. Stimulants have been studied a great deal in children under 6, with research indicating that they tolerate stimulant use very well

C. Guanfacine is an oral stimulation that interacts with the part of the brain that controls attention and impulse, and is approved by the FDA for children 4 and older

D. Stimulants can be short-acting (work for 4 to 6 hours) or long-acting (work for 8 to 12 hours) and can be taken orally or through a skin patch

Common Side Effects of ADHD Medicines

7. Common side effects of stimulant medications used to treat ADHD include drowsiness, fatigue, and sleepiness and increased thoughts of suicide.

A. True

B. False

Making a Decision

8. When deciding whether a child should take a medicine for ADHD, only the parent and doctor can decide whether the benefits of any medicine are worth the risk of having a side effect.

A. True

B. False

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