1. Although neglect accounts for over three-quarters of confirmed cases of child maltreatment in the United States, far more than physical or sexual abuse, it continues to receive less attention from practitioners, researchers, and the media.
2. Neglect definitions are impacted by the accepted standards of care for children and the role of communities in families' lives, and generally include each of the following standards EXCEPT:
A. Harm to the child
B. Parent's ability or intent
C. Cultural norms and practices
D. Family's concrete resources
3. Interpersonal relationship problems, aggression, and conduct disorders are examples of emotional and psychological development issues that child neglect may negatively impact.
4. According to the authors, protective factors that may lessen the likelihood that a child will be exposed to neglect include nurturing and attachment, knowledge of parenting and child development, parental resilience, social and emotional competence of children, and:
A. Adequate housing and financial resources
B. Caring adults from outside the family who can serve as role models
C. Access to education and healthcare
D. Social connections and concrete supports for parents
5. Identifying child neglect may be more difficult than identifying other forms of maltreatment, but when a child is frequently absent from school, lacks needed medical or dental care and immunizations, or states that there is no one at home to provide care, neglect may be occurring.
6. To help determine what type of supports a family may need, a comprehensive, holistic assessment should be used to help uncover the potential causes of neglect and underlying factors affecting the family's ability to care for the child.
7. Which of the following is NOT one of the Children's Bureau's recommendations to help meet the needs of neglected and at-risk children?
A. Begin interventions early, as this will have the greatest impact on the family
B. Encourage parents to focus on one or two problematic parenting strategies initially, and help them identify ways to correct the behavior in order to protect their children from harm
C. Provide concrete services first since most parents will not be able to focus on interventions like parenting classes until their basic needs are met
D. Offer customized, coordinated services, and be flexible since there is no "one size fits all" solution to addressing neglect
8. In the evolution of child abuse prevention, the 1980s represented a period of significant expansion in public awareness of child maltreatment, research on its underlying causes and consequences, and:
A. The development and dissemination of both clinical interventions and prevention strategies
B. The adoption of formal federal and state child abuse reporting systems
C. A call to establish a strong foundation of support for every parent and child
D. An increased emphasis on approaches that seek change at a community or systems level
9. An expansion of several high-quality national home visitation models has been justified by current research that indicates that at-risk families, particularly those rearing children in violence and chaotic neighborhoods, are well-served by this approach.
10. Several researchers suggest that the more universal or broadly targeted prevention efforts have greater success in strengthening a parent's or child's protective factors than in eliminating risk factors, particularly for parents or children at highest risk.
11. Parent education offered through center-based programs and group settings is used in a variety of ways to address risk factors associated with child abuse and neglect, with the primary focus being healthy opportunities for structured parent-child interactions.
12. In order to best intervene with diverse ethnic and cultural groups to provide prevention and intervention strategies, experts recommend:
A. Designing parenting and early intervention programs that are respectful of the participant's culture
B. Delivering services in a participant's primary language, matching participants and providers on the basis of race and ethnicity, and incorporating traditional child rearing practices into a program's curriculum
C. Testing specific ways in which the concept of prevention is viewed by various groups and supported by their existing systems of informal support
D. All of the above
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