1. Loneliness is a threat to students' wellbeing and health, and perceived loneliness at school has shown negative associations with both emotional and somatic symptoms, especially among girls.
2. Students with low levels of academic achievement or learning disabilities are lonelier and have poorer social adjustment than students with average or high levels of academic achievement, and generally:
A. Are sensitive and passive
B. Have poor communication and problem-solving skills
C. Have more emotional problems
D. Have significant self-esteem issues
3. The terms loneliness and aloneness are used interchangeably to describe the negative and hurtful feeling of being alone that is related to mental health and adjustment problems.
4. Each of the following is an accurate statement about the results of a longitudinal study that assessed the influence of different groups of trusted people on the relationship between girls' perceived loneliness at school and their self-reported school wellbeing two years later EXCEPT:
A. Among the 119 girls in grades 1-8, loneliness at school was strongly related to low levels of school well-being
B. Having class advisors whom the girls trusted sufficiently to turn to in difficult or hurtful situations fully attenuated the negative association of loneliness with later school wellbeing
C. People such as parents, peers at school, or other teachers did not substantially affect the association between loneliness and later school well-being
D. Only 40-50% of the girls reported, two years apart, that they probably or certainly would talk to their parents if something bad or difficult happened
5. Even though parents are often seen as the most trusted adult in a young girl's life, they are often not perceived as being significant in easing school loneliness, perhaps because they are generally separated from the school setting.
6. While positive peer relationships are shown to help protect against loneliness, the greatest factor appears to be the stability and trust that main teachers may represent for their students, and especially for lonely and vulnerable girls.
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