1. Which of the following accurately describes current obesity trends in the United States?
A. Each year, obesity contributes to an estimated 96,700 preventable deaths
B. In recent decades, the prevalence of obesity has increased dramatically in the United States, doubling among children and tripling among adults
C. Among 40- to 59-year-old women, about 52% of non-Hispanic blacks and 47% of Hispanics are obese, and for non-Hispanic whites, the prevalence is 36%
D. The prevalence of obesity changed relatively little during the 1960s and 1970s, but then increased sharply from 8.6 % in 1980 to 28.3% in 2008 among adults and from 3% to 14% among children during the same period
2. While obesity is a public health crisis within the general population, it is even more prevalent in persons with mental illness, with some reports indicating 72% of people with serious mental illness being overweight or obese.
3. Identifying the determining factors of obesity and supporting changes in behaviors and in the environment are likely to be the most effective actions to combat the epidemic.
4. Technological advancements have made our lives more convenient, but also more sedentary, and research shows that leading an inactive life not only increases the risk of becoming overweight or obese, but also contributes to an increased risk for disease and disability.
5. Which of the following is NOT one of the health risks that occurs during pregnancy that also puts children at risk for obesity early in life?
B. Excessive weight gain
D. Alcohol consumption
6. Recommended policies to help child care programs support healthy weight for young children include requiring ____ minutes of daily physical activity.
7. Recent studies have determined that only 25% of high school students nationwide attend physical education classes 5 days in an average school week, compared with 37% in 1991.
8. Clinicians are encouraged to help their patients make healthy lifestyle choices by using each of the following strategies EXCEPT:
A. Ensuring that patients are referred to internal resources that will help them meet their psychological, nutritional, and physical activity needs, as they are often less likely to follow-up on external referrals
B. Recording patients' physical activity levels and stressing the importance of consistent exercise and daily physical activity
C. Working as a team to provide a comprehensive assessment and learning experience for each patient
D. Promoting awareness about the connection between mental and addiction disorders and obesity
9. To reverse the obesity epidemic, every neighborhood and community should become actively involved in grassroots efforts to create healthier environments for all citizens.
10. Good nutrition, regular physical activity, and ______________ significantly contribute to achieving optimal health and allow people to live their lives to the fullest--without disease, disability, or lost productivity.
A. Disease prevention
B. Stress management
C. Positive lifestyle choices
D. Psychological wellness
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