TeachME Professional Development

Bullying in Schools

The Problem of Bullying in Schools

1. Perhaps more than any other school safety problem, bullying affects students' _______________, and is now known to have long-lasting harmful effects.

A. Self-esteem

B. Sense of security

C. Confidence

D. Character development


2. While bullying is a widespread safety problem on American school campuses, the problem occurs even a more frequently with students as they are arriving to and leaving school grounds.

A. True

B. False


Definition of Bullying

3. Bullying involves repeated physical, verbal or psychological attacks or intimidation, and its two key components are repeated harmful acts and an imbalance of power.

A. True

B. False


Extent of the Bullying Problem

4. In the United States, several small studies from different parts of the country confirm high levels of bullying behaviors, with ____________ of students reported to be either bullies or victims.

A. 14 to 33 percent

B. 12 to 31 percent

C. 10 to 29 percent

D. 8 to 27 percent


A Threshold Problem: The Reluctance to Report

5. Although most students agree that bullying is wrong, when witnessing these acts, they rarely tell teachers and only infrequently intervene on behalf of the victim.

A. True

B. False


Bullying Behavior

6. Each of the following is a correct statement about bullying behavior EXCEPT:

A. Boy bullies tend to rely on physical aggression more than girl bullies, who often use teasing, rumor -spreading, exclusion, and social isolation

B. Verbal bullying is much more common than physical bullying

C. Classes consisting of students with behavioral, emotional or learning problems have more bullies and victims than classes without such students

D. Bullying by boys declines substantially after age fourteen, while bullying by girls begins declining significantly at age thirteen


Bullies

7. Researchers believe that the history of the parent-child relationship may contribute to cultivating a bully, and low levels of peer and teacher intervention combine to create opportunities for chronic bullies to thrive.

A. True

B. False


Incidents of Bullying

8. The Internet creates opportunities for cyber-bullies, who can operate anonymously and harm a wide audience, and who are able to develop an imbalance of power that has nothing to do with size or strength.

A. True

B. False


Chronic Victims of Bullying

9. Although the majority of chronic bullying victims are extremely passive and do not defend themselves, some are labeled as ____________ because their coping strategies include aggressively reacting to the bullying.

A. Exasperating

B. Provocative

C. Irksome

D. Aggravating


Asking the Right Questions

10. Which of the following questions should be asked about victims and victimization when analyzing the specific problem of bullying in schools?

A. Does the school know all the victims of bullying?

B. How does the school identify victims and what has been done to protect those who are chronically victimized?

C. What are the most common forms of bullying victimization?

D. All of the above


General Requirements for an Effective Strategy to Counter Bullying in Schools

11. A "school-wide" or "organizational" approach to counter bullying in schools requires comprehensive interventions at the district, community, and personal level.

A. True

B. False


Specific Responses to Reduce Bullying in Schools

12. Assigning bullies to a particular location or to particular chores during school release times may help separate them from their intended victims.

A. True

B. False


Responses with Limited Effectiveness

13. While conflict resolution training strategies to combat bullying may actually create further victimization, peer mediation training to address bullying and other problems has proven to be an effective alternative.

A. True

B. False


Appendix A: Summary of Responses to Bullying in Schools

14. Providing teachers with effective ________________ training increases bullies' risk of getting caught in classrooms, and decreases victims' risk of harm.

A. Classroom management

B. Restorative justice

C. Behavior modification

D. None of the above


Appendix B: Educating Parents About School Bullying: How Can I Tell if My Child is Bullying Others?

15. Which of the following are NOT likely warning signs that a child may be bullying others?

A. The child is hot-tempered or impulsive, or has a hard time following rules

B. The child teases, threatens or kicks other children or is aggressive toward adults

C. The child is moody and/or anxious and has limited peer relationships

D. The child has been involved in other antisocial behavior, such as vandalism or theft


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