1. Which of the following is an accurate statement about education enrollment trends since the 1970s?
A. Between 1970 and 2009, the school enrollment rate for children ages 3 to 4 increased from 16 to 42 percent
B. The enrollment rate for children ages 5 to 6 rose from 84 percent in 1970 to 91 percent in 1976 and has since remained stable
C. For youth ages 7 to13 and 14 to 15, enrollment rates have remained at nearly 100 percent over the past 39 years, reflecting states'compulsory age requirements for school attendance
D. The enrollment rate for 16 to 17 year-olds increased from 92 percent in 1970 to 97 percent in 2009
2. In 2009, the average National Assessment for Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score for 4th-graders was not measurably different from the 2007 score, but was significantly lower than the scores on all assessments between 1992 and 2005.
3. Recent research indicates that compared to other Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, students in the United States have lower average scores in which subject area?
A. Mathematics literacy
B. Combined reading literacy
C. Science literacy
D. All of the above
4. Although young adults with a bachelor's degree consistently have higher median earnings than those with less education, the relationship of higher income corresponding with higher educational attainment does not hold true across sex and race/ethnicity subgroups.
5. Among public high school students in the class of 2007-08, those from ___________ had the highest graduation rate at 89.6 percent, while students in ____________ had the lowest rate at 56.0 percent.
A. Vermont; Nevada
B. Minnesota; Georgia
C. Iowa; Mississippi
D. Wisconsin; District of Columbia
6. The status dropout rate represents the percentage of 16- through 24-year-olds who are not enrolled in school and have not earned a high school credential, which includes either a diploma or an equivalency credential such as a General Educational Development (GED) certificate.
7. Gaps in immediate college enrollment rate after high school by family income, race/ethnicity, and sex have persisted over time.
8. The percentage of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch (FRPL) provides a proxy measure for the concentration of low-income students within a school, and high-poverty schools are defined as public schools where more than __________ of the students are eligible for FRPL.
A. 80 percent
B. 75 percent
C. 70 percent
D. 65 percent
9. In high poverty schools, the lowest concentration of students by race/ethnicity occurs with whites, followed by American Indian/Alaska Natives.
10. For 25 to 34 year old full-time undergraduate students, the greatest percentage are enrolled in public 2-year institutions.
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