1. Each of the following is a correct statement about learning disabilities EXCEPT:
A. Learning disability (LD) is a general term that describes specific kinds of learning problems, especially in the areas of reading, writing, listening, speaking, reasoning, and math
B. Researchers believe that learning disabilities are caused by differences in how a personâ€™s brain works and how it processes information
C. Children with LD can be high achievers and can be taught ways to get around the learning disability
D. While dysgraphia refers to difficulties in writing, dysarithmia refers to difficulties in math
2. As many as 1 out of every 8 people in the United States has a learning disability, including almost 2 million children ages 6 through 21.
3. Specific learning disability does not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of ________________, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage.
A. Injury or illness
B. Emotional disturbance
C. Visceral impairments
D. Developmental defects
4. When evaluating children for LD, school systems may provide the student with a research-based intervention and keep close track of the student's performance.
5. While providing instruction and accommodations to address the LD student's special needs, teachers should break tasks into smaller steps and teach organizational skills, study skills, and learning strategies.
6. Which of the following is NOT one of the likely causes of intellectual disabilities?
A. Genetic conditions
B. Problems during pregnancy or at birth
C. Environmental hazards
D. Health problems
7. When Rosa's Law was signed into law by President Obama in October 2010, the term "mental retardation" was changed to "intellectual disability" and the definition changed significantly to "subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in emotional regulation."
8. Early intervention is a system of services designed to help infants, toddlers, and young children up to age 5 with disabilities as well as their families.
9. To help students with ID in the classroom, IDEA calls for _______________________ that may include instruction, personnel, equipment, or other accommodations that enable children with disabilities to be educated with nondisabled children to the maximum extent appropriate.
A. Supplementary aids and services
B. Ancillary assistance
C. Auxiliary benefits
D. Complementary guidance and modifications
10. IDEA requires that special education and related services be made available to every eligible child from ages 3 to 21 with multiple disabilities.
11. The term multiple disabilities refers to concomitant impairments, the combination of which causes such severe educational needs that they cannot be accommodated in a special education program solely for one of the impairments, but does not include:
A. Intellectual disability-blindness
B. Deaf-orthopedic impairment
C. Intellectual disability-orthopedic impairment
12. Computers, augmentative/alternative communication systems, communication boards, head sticks, and adaptive switches are examples of assistive technology to help those with multiple disabilities.
13. Teachers should allow for _______________ to ensure that students with multiple disabilities aren't excluded from activities because they might not be able to complete a task fully or independently.
A. Limited inclusion
B. Fractional involvement
C. Partial participation
D. Modified engagement
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