1. Among U.S. high school seniors, ___________ is a regular cigarette smoker, and because few high school smokers are able to break free from the powerful addicting effects of nicotine, about ____ will smoke into adulthood.
A. One in three; 85%
B. One in four; 80%
C. One in five; 75%
D. One in six; 70%
2. Since 1994, multiple legal and scientific developments have altered the tobacco control environment and consequently have affected smoking among youth, and tobacco actions have, in part, resulted in a sharp decrease in tobacco use among adults and among youth.
3. Tobacco cessation is problematic and challenging, especially for young people who are trying to lose weight, as the data strongly support the reduction in weight among adolescent smokers
4. The authors list each of the following as factors that influence teen smoking EXCEPT:
A. Young people with greater numbers of peers who smoke are more likely to begin to smoke themselves
B. Those who have fewer pro-social bonds to conventional institutions, such as school or places of worship, are also more likely to use tobacco
C. Compelling associations exist between low academic achievement and smoking onset and use among adolescents
D. Teenagers who have low self-esteem or who are experiencing undue stress often engage in self-destructive behavior such as smoking
5. Coordinated, multicomponent interventions that combine mass media campaigns, school-based programs, and changes in smokefree policies and norms are effective in reducing the initiation, prevalence, and intensity of smoking among youth and young adults.
6. New evidence is sufficient to conclude that smoking contributes to future use of marijuana and other illicit drugs, and that there is a causal relationship between smoking in young adulthood and coronary artery atherosclerosis in adulthood.
7. Which of the following is NOT one of groups of young people who continue to smoke more than others?
A. American Indians
C. African Americans
8. Socioeconomic factors and educational attainment influence the development of youth smoking behavior, and the adolescents most likely to begin to use tobacco and progress to regular use are those who live below the poverty level.
9. While tobacco companies' anti-smoking efforts have had a positive impact on public perceptions of the tobacco industry among youth and young adults, they have not demonstrated success in impacting young people's tobacco use.
10. Which of the following is an accurate statement about tobacco company marketing strategies and expenditures?
A. Evidence consistently and coherently points to the intentional marketing of tobacco products to youth as being a cause of young people's tobacco use
B. The evidence is suggestive but not sufficient to conclude that there is a causal relationship between depictions of smoking in the movies and the initiation of smoking among young people
C. In recent years, tobacco companies have spent about 7 billion dollars on the marketing of cigarettes and $425 million on the marketing of smokeless tobacco annually
D. The evidence is sufficient to conclude that tobacco companies have changed the packaging and design of their products in ways that have increased these products' appeal to adolescents and young adults
11. Evidence indicates that mass media campaigns can be one of the most effective strategies in changing social norms and preventing youth smoking, particularly when they contain optimized themes, _______________, appealing format, clear messages, intensity, and adequate repetition.
A. A stated goal
B. Unique features
C. Appropriate emotional tone
D. A call to action
12. Providing and sustaining sufficient funding for comprehensive tobacco prevention efforts is recommended to end the tobacco epidemic, as well as continuing to tax tobacco products, as this appears to be especially effective in reducing their use among young people.
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